Discounts are capital spends, not marketing expenses, says tax department to ecommerce firms
The income tax department has thrown a curveball at Indian ecommerce companies, which has increased their worries. Read ahead to know why.
Usually, sales discounts are not treated as an expense. It is deducted from gross sales along with returns and other sales allowances. However, thetax department has ordered etailersthat discounts should be considered as capital spends and not as marketing expenses.
In an assessment order of last year sent by the tax officials to ecommerce companies, they have asked to re-categorize marketing costs as capital spending. Their argument is that it is not revenue expenditure and is creating intangibles.
“In the ongoing assessment, we felt the tax officers still think that since marketing and advertising expense is a major expense for us, this is creating intangibles. And this is not a revenue expense.”
What would this result in?
Once the marketing costs are reclassified as capitals expenses, ecommerce companies likeFlipkartandAmazon’sprofits would increase. They would no longer be able to deduct discounts from their revenue. While it would make them profitable on paper, etailers would also become tax liable.
The tax liability is the main cause of concern for online marketplaces. And hence, they have appealed the department to reconsider this order. In August this year, ecommerce companies reached out to the Commissioner of Income Tax (Appeals), Bengaluru. No decision has been taken yet.
Start-ups would have to pack up if this order is implemented, say legal experts
India ranks low in terms of ease of doing business. The environment is especially not conducive for start-ups. Indian government has launched initiatives likeStart-up IndiaandMake in India, which aims at promoting entrepreneurship. But if the expenses and tax burden is not reduced then how would entrepreneurs sustain their business?
The order to treat discounts as capital expenses would increase the tax burden of online firms. As a result, start-ups with limited funds might have to exit.
“Several startups have to incur heavy expenses to promote products or services and stir up demand for their products. If such tax demands are made, then several startups including ecommerce companies and FMCG companies who are in the B2C space will start facing the heat from the tax department and would end up being embroiled in litigation. The taxpayers may have to argue that these expenses are incurred every year and are necessary to run the business and create demand for their services, and without such expenses these startups may just fold up,”reasonedAmit Maheshwari, partner at Ashok Maheshwary & Associates.
Legal experts also believe that the tax department can’t give out such orders and has got no business to dictate terms to etailers.
Sanjay Sanghvi of law firm Khaitan & Co firmlystated,
“What business expenditure to incur and what quantum is the prerogative of the business concerned to decide. The Assessing Officer (of income tax) has no say in dictating terms of business to a taxpayer, as to how to run his business. There are enough judicial decisions supporting this proposition.”